Frequently Asked Questions
1) Does the LPP Combustion technology scale?
Yes, we have demonstrated the application of our technology over four orders of magnitude in scale from 250w burners up to 2.5MW burners. For example, we currently have designs for systems for 30kW, 5MW, and 85MW power generation gas turbines. Since we use a modular design, a 10MW system would be based on two modules from a 5MW system. There are some economies of scale for larger systems, so the capital cost of an LPP Combustion skid on a per megawatt of energy basis goes down with increasing size.
2) Where will the master fuel mix come from?
The input liquid fuel will depend upon local availability and cost of fuel. Since an LPP Combustion skid can produce a suitable natural gas substitute fuel from a range of liquid fuels including natural gas condensates, naphtha, gasoline, kerosene, and diesel fuel or heating oil, the fuel would be selected on price and availability.
3) What types of plants are currently using our technology?
LPP Combustion has installed a system for a 30 kW Capstone C30 in our laboratory in Columbia, MD. However, we are proposing on projects for power generation using gas turbines; for power generation using steam boilers; a plastics manufacturing plant with a combined heat and power need; a glass plant; oil & gas production facilities; duct burners for supplemental heat and power; and ceramics production. In addition, we are contemplating systems for applications to locomotive and shipboard large bore reciprocating engines.
4) What range of flame temperatures can your system achieve?
Since LPP Gas is similar in combustion properties to natural gas, the range of flame temperature is similar to those achieved with natural gas. Higher temperature applications can be met by burning LPP Gas in oxygen-enriched mixtures of air (for example, 40% O2 in N2 rather than the normal 21% O2 in N2).
5) What environmental effect does the LPP Combustion skid have on the combustion system?
Since the LPP Combustion skid allows a range of liquid fuels to be burned as LPP Gas, in place of natural gas, the emissions from an LPP Gas-fueled combustion system will be as good as or better than the emissions that the system would emit from natural gas operation. In many cases, this results in a greater than 90% reduction in emissions such as NOx, CO, and particulates when compared to traditional spray flame combustion of liquid fuels.
6) Does the LPP Product produce a waste stream?
No. It is anticipated that the vaporizers will need an annual cleaning, but there is no continuous waste stream from the LPP process.
Please Contact Us with Any Questions Regarding the LPP Combustion technology.